NNTRC Snakes

Scientific Name

Sistrurus miliarius barbouri

Common Name 

Dusky Pigmy Rattlesnake

Snake

Physical Characteristics

Length, 15-22 in. (38-56 cm).  The ground color varies from a pale gray to black with varying amounts of small light specks or stippling.  The dorsal pattern consists of a series of rounded dark brown, grey, or black blotches down the middle of the back.  A thin reddish brown mid-dorsal stripe is usually present.  The head has a series of 9 large scales or plates on the top and there is a dark broad lateral stripe along each side. 

Geographic Range (USA)

Extreme southernSouth Carolina, across southern Georgia, Alabama, and southeastern Mississippi, and all of Florida.  
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Habitat:

Occupies various habitats including, pine flatlands, swampy areas, dry woodlands, lakes, ponds, and marshes. 

Diet:

Small mammals, amphibians, lizards, and other snakes.

Venom:

Hemorrhagic toxins, resulting in tissue damage and edema.

Remarks:

The Dusky Pigmy Rattlesnake is a relatively small and inoffensive snake.  However, they will coil, rattle, and strike quickly when confronted.

This page was last updated on: February 12, 2016