NNTRC Snakes

Scientific Name

Agkistrodon contortrix contortrix

Common Name 

Southern Copperhead


Physical Characteristics

Can grow to a total length of 20–37 in (50–95 cm), although some may exceed that length. Males are usually larger than females. the copperhead's body is relatively stout and the head is broad and distinct from the neck. The color consists of a pale tan to pinkish tan ground color, overlaid with a series of  crossbands

Geographic Range (USA)

Very common in South-Eastern states, but can be found in more northern states such as Maryland 
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In this geographical range the Southern Copperhead lives in many environments, it favors deciduous forest, mixed woodlands,rock outcroppings and ledges, and swampy regions.


Its diet consists of small rodents, such as mice and voles, large insects, and frogs


Hemotoxin venom


Like most viperids, these snakes prefer to avoid humans and when able will leave the area if allowed. But on some cases it will try to be still and camouflage to hide its presence and sometimes victims step on them or come to close causing them to strike.

This page was last updated on: August 18, 2016