This is an example of zirconium.
Standard State: solid at 298 K
Color: Silvery Gray
The name zircon probably originated from the Persian word zargun, which
describes the color of the gemstone now known as zircon, jargon,
hyacinth, jacinth, or ligure. This mineral, or its variations, is
mentioned in biblical writings. The mineral was not known to contain a new element
until Klaproth, in 1789, analyzed a jargon from Ceylon and found a new earth, which Werner
named zircon, and Klaproth called Zirkonerde.
Zirconium is produced commercially by reduction of the chloride with magnesium, and by
other methods. When finely divided, the metal may ignite spontaneously is air, especially
at elevated temperatures. The solid metal is hard to ignite.
Zirconium is used extensively by chemical industry where corrosive agents are employed.
It is used in poison ivy lotions in the form of carbonate as it combines with