Nickel

28
Ni
58.69

nickel.gif (26114 bytes)
Nickel is used to make coins.
 

Properties

Symbol Name Atomic Number Atomic Weight Group Number
Ni Nickel 28 58.69 10

Description

Standard State: solid at 298 K
Color: lustrous, metallic, silvery tinge

Nickel was discovered by Constedt in 1751 in Kupfernickel.  Nickel is found as a constituent in most meteorites and often serves as one of the criteria for distinguishing a meteorite from other minerals. Nickel is obtained commercially from pentlandite and pyrrhotite of the Sudbury region in Ontario, which produces about 30% for the free world.  Nickel is silvery white and takes on a high polish, it is also hard, malleable, ductile, and somewhat ferromagnetic.   Tubing made of copper-nickel alloy is extensively used in making desalination plants.  Nickel is also used in making coins and steel for armor plate and also for burglar-proof vaults.