Texas A&M-Kingsville dedicates new $7 million Citrus Center Building in Weslaco
KINGSVILLE - December 15, 2010
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The staff at the Texas A&M University-Kingsville Citrus Center spent decades using former army barracks as a work place. Now they have moved into a new building, and are working in a state-of-the-art space.
The Citrus Center has served the Rio Grande Valley citrus industry for over 60 years, providing new varieties of fruit, new ways to manage pests and disease and new students eager to learn.
Officials from the state of Texas, The Texas A&M University System and Texas A&M-Kingsville gathered Wednesday, Dec. 15, for the dedication ceremony of the $7.2 million building designed help researchers continue the work they have started and continue to serve the $200 million Valley citrus industry. This was followed by a luncheon sponsored by Texas Citrus Mutual and TexaSweet Marketing to acknowledge the center's support for the industry.
Joining A&M System chancellor Dr. Michael D. McKinney and university president Dr. Steven Tallant at the ceremony was Todd Staples, Commissioner of Agriculture for the state of Texas. Also present at the ground breaking were State Sen. Eddie Lucio Jr. of District 27; State Representative Armando “Mando” Martinez of District 39; Paul Heller, chairman of the center’s advisory committee; and Josue Reyes of Skanska, the building contractors.
“The Citrus Center has been an important institution for the Rio Grande Valley for 60 years and with this new building, they can continue to be a friend to citrus growers for many more years to come,” said Tallant. “This new state-of-the-art building will provide our researchers and students with the equipment and facilities they need to help the growers in the Rio Grande Valley create a better start.”
“Faculty at the Citrus Center are the leaders in citrus research and they bring in the expertise needed to address modern agricultural problems from the molecular genetics research needed for new varieties to the entomology research needed to protect and maintain the orchards,” said Dr. Allen Rasmussen, dean of the Dick and Mary Lewis Kleberg College of Agriculture, Natural Resources and Human Sciences.
Dr. John da Graca, director of the Citrus Center, said the new building is designed specifically to allow the faculty to integrate their research programs even more than they currently can. “There also is room for future growth and flexibility for new technologies. The facility will be one which we hope will attract future faculty, visiting scientists and students.
“The center has always moved with the times and now uses cutting edge technologies in our research, but always with the benefits of the Texas citrus industry in mind,” said da Graca. “The citrus industry will continue to face some of the same challenges it has always dealt with like established and new pests and diseases, weather events and market changes, but the staff at the Citrus Center will be ready to deal with whatever comes our way.”
Da Graca said there are several research projects going on right now at the Citrus Center, including the following:
- development of new varieties by means of natural and induced mutations, embryo rescue and gene transfer. A patent application has been submitted for a new grapefruit variety.
- studies on the genetics of stress factors like disease, cold and drought that may lead to reducing losses by producing trees with gene modifications designed to reduce losses and costs.
- strategies for pest and disease management strategies to reduce losses growers experience.
- the use of micro-budded trees as part of the strategy against greening disease, an insect-transmitted disease currently causing serious losses in Florida.
About the New Building
The new Citrus Center was built adjacent to the old facilities at 312 N. International Boulevard in Weslaco. The two-story building will be approximately 25,000 square feet. The construction cost is $7.2 million; however, it will have a total price tag of $9.5 million once furnishings and equipment are added.
The first floor has meeting rooms and classrooms, administrative offices and sample intake and diagnostic labs. On the second floor are faculty and research technicians’ offices, graduate student space and research labs.
Architects from Kell Muñoz in San Antonio designed the building and Skanska of Houston and Harlingen were the contractors.
Work on the building began in fall 2009 and move-in occurred in August, with the demolition of the old building in October.
The History of the Citrus Center
The Citrus Center originated in the mid-1940s when a group of local citizens and citrus growers approached then-Texas College of Arts and Industries in Kingsville with the idea of establishing a research and training facility specializing in citriculture for the Lower Rio Grande Valley.
In 1947, the original campus site and research farm were purchased with funds contributed by the citrus industry and other community institutions. By 1948, buildings were acquired from the deactivated Harlingen Air Base and the center was in operation.
In the 1960s with the help of the Jones-Collier Foundation, the 200-acre South Research Farm was added. Two more properties were purchased in 1974 and 1977 in Hidalgo County. From 1984 through 2004, a 40-acre farm north of Mission was leased to the center by the Looney Family. This has been replaced by a 50-acre farm in Monte Alto leased from Rio Farms Inc.
In 1990, when Texas A&I University joined The Texas A&M University System and became Texas A&M-Kingsville, ties with the nearby Texas A&M Agricultural Research and Extension Center were strengthened.
Due to increased administrative demands caused by dramatic growth and the overwhelming success of the programs at what is now the Texas AgriLife Research Center and the Citrus Center, full-time leadership was re-established at both facilities.
The Citrus Center currently employs four faculty, 27 other state-funded employees and a number of grant-funded employees. Several graduate students are studying for their master's or doctorate degrees at the center, and classes can be taken there via the Texas Trans-Video Network.
The Citrus Center is best known to the public for the two dark red grapefruit varieties developed there, the Star Ruby and the Rio Red. The Rio Red is the major grapefruit variety grown in the Valley, while the Star Ruby is grown in other parts of the world like South Africa, Australia and Turkey. Both are marketed under the Rio Star name.
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