Cerium is used in lighter flints.
Standard State: solid at 298 K
Color: silvery white
Klaproth, Berzelius and Hisinger discovered Cerium in 1803. The metal was
prepared by Hillebrand and Norton in 1875. Cerium was named after the asteroid Ceres which was discovered only two years
before the element. Metallic Cerium is prepared by metallothermic reduction
techniques, such as reducing cerous fluoride with calcium. Cerium is one of the most
reactive of the rare-earth metal. It slowly decomposes in cold water but rapidly in hot